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Area: 5888268 km2
Brazil; Peru; Suriname; France; Colombia; Guyana; Bolivia; Venezuela; Ecuador
Santa Cruz; Manaus; La Paz
HydroBasin Level:
Baseline Water Stress:
Water Quality Stress:
Sanitation Access Stress:
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City & Country

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2.75 out of 5
WWF Country Risk Score
86 out of 248 Countries
WWF Country Rank
Total Organizations: 12
Total Projects: 13
Priority SDGs: Sustainable Agriculture (SDG 2.4)
Increase Access to Water, Sanitation, Hygiene (SDG 6.1 & 6.2)
Water Quality (SDG 6.3)
Water Use Efficiency (SDG 6.4)
Integrated Water Resource Management (SDG 6.5)
Protect and Restore Ecosystems (SDG 6.6)
International Cooperation and Capacity Building (SDG 6.a)
Stakeholder Participation (SDG 6.b)
Water-Related Disaster Management (SDG 11.5)
Sustainable Production (SDG 12.4)
Climate Resilience and Adaptation (SDG 13.1)
Priority Regions: --
Priority Industries: Biotech, health care & pharma
Food, beverage & agriculture
Organization Types:
NGO / Civil Society
Coalition / Consortium
Utility / Water Service Provider
Individual / Sole Proprietor
Profile Completion: 64%

Water-Related Challenge Costs

Total annual estimated cost to address all water-related challenges: $14,255,564,473.00

Share of total annual estimated cost to address each individual challenge (2015 $USD):

  • Access to Drinking Water: $1,436,116,821.00 - [10%]
  • Access to Sanitation: $2,259,453,886.00 - [16%]
  • Industrial Pollution: $2,287,260,951.00 - [16%]
  • Agricultural Pollution: $1,729,297,647.00 - [12%]
  • Water Scarcity: $4,167,507,755.00 - [29%]
  • Water Management: $2,375,927,412.00 - [17%]

For more about this data, see information on WRI’s Achieving Abundance dataset here.

Water Challenges

As reported by organizations on the Hub.

No challenges found.

Country Overview

1.1.1.WATER RESOURCES There are 421 rivers in the country, not counting small mountain streams that sometimes swell to three times their usual size during rainy months. The rivers are an important means of transportation and a valuable source of water for irrigation for the fields and farms through which they pass. There are also 59 natural lakes and more than 1,000km2 of freshwater swamps. The five principal river basins, each with an area of more than 5,000km2, are: -Mindanao River basin in Mindanao island (23,169 km2) -Agusan River basin in Mindanao island (10,921 km2); -Pampanga River basin near Manila in Luzon island (9,759 km2); -Agno River basin in Luzon island (5,952 km2); Only 18 river basins have an area greater than 1,000km2: eight of them are in Mindanao island, seven in Luzon island, two in Panay island and one in Negros island. The smallest river basins are frequently less than 50km2. In order to have manageable units for the comprehensive planning of water resources, the National Water Resources Council has divided the country into 12 water resources regions. Major considerations taken into account in this regionalization were the hydrological boundaries defined by physiographic features and homogeneity in climate of the different parts of the country. In fact, these water resources regions generally also correspond to the existing political regions in the country. Minor deviations dictated basically by hydrography affected only northern Luzon and northern Mindanao. The average annual precipitation is estimated at 2,348mm. The long-term average annual renewable surface water resources are estimated at 444km3. In nine years out of ten, the annual runoff exceeds 257km3. Groundwater resources are distributed in four major areas with a total area of around 33,500km2: 10,000km2 in Cagayan, 9,000km2 in Central Luzon, 8,500km2 in Agusan and 6,000km2 in Cotobato. Combined with the smaller reservoirs already identified, this aggregates to an area of about 50,000km2. The groundwater resources are estimated at 180km3/year, of which 80 per cent (145km3/year) constitute the base flow of the river systems. Total internal water resources therefore amount to 479km3/year. There are 59 natural lakes and more than 1000km2 of freshwater swamps. The National Wetland Action Plan, in response to the country’s commitments to the Ramsar Convention, nominated and designated the four major wetlands in the country, with a total surface area of 684km2, as Wetlands of International Importance. These include Olango Island (Cebu), Naujan Lake National Park (Oriental Mindoro), Agusan Marsh Wildlife Sanctuary (Agusan del Sur) and the Tubbataha Reefs National Marine Park in the middle of the Central Sulu Sea. The Agusan Marsh Wildlife Sanctuary, 148km2 in area, is of particular importance because it includes a vast complex of freshwater marshes and watercourses, with numerous shallow lakes and ponds in the upper basin of the Agusan river and its tributaries rising in the hills of eastern Mindanao. A survey of surface water storage potential has identified sites for 438 major dams and 423 smaller dams. Total dam capacity in 2006 was 6,274.5 million m3. The National Irrigation Administration (NIA) has constructed seven large dams and small reservoirs for irrigation projects, with a total capacity of 6,180 million m3. In the Philippines, a dam is considered large when the storage capacity exceeds 50 million m3 and the structural height is more than 30m. The newest large dam, constructed in 2002, is the San Roque dam with a total capacity of 850 million m3. Two of the large dams, with a total capacity of 3,560 million m3, are managed by the NIA: Magat for the Magat River Integrated Irrigation System (MRIIS) and Pantabangan for the Upper Pampanga River Integrated Irrigation System (UPRIIS). Three of the large dams, with a total capacity of 1,679 million m3, are managed by the National Power Corporation (NPC): Angat, Ambuklao and Palangui IV. The NPC operates and manages three other dams in Mindanao, with a total capacity of approximately 27.7 million m3: Agus II, IV and V. For municipal water supply and sanitation serving Metro-Manila areas, the Metropolitan Waterworks and Sewerage System (MWSS) manages two dams: the La Mesa Dam and Ipo Dam, with storage capacity of 51 and 36 million m3 respectively. All other small dams have been created with various objectives within the framework of the small water impounding management (SWIM) projects and are jointly managed by the Bureau of Soils and Water Management (BSWM), the NIA and, lately, the Department of Agrarian Reform, through various international funding agencies. SWIM account for 350 units of 270,000 m3 on average, representing a total of 94.5 million m3.

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Organizations in Philippines

Be the catalyst for establishing sustainable potable water system and distribution within the BLISTT (Baguio, La Trinidad, Itogon, Sablan, Tuba, Tublay) area. Learn More

ESSC is a Jesuit research institute that promotes environmental sustainability and social justice through the integration of scientific methodologies and social processes. Our mission is to contribute to a critical and holistic understanding of the dynamic relationship between biophysical and … Learn More

To help ensure clean water for Japan as at 2030 Also to make it a world place for people to meet Learn More


Support and develop Pakistan as a central hub for developing a sustainable supply chain ecosystem with Halal standards. Making Pakistan a well-known Halal international hub that aligning United Nation’s 17 sustainable goals and promotes WAQF from Halal culture to contribute … Learn More

Planet Water Foundation is a US based, non-profit organization focused on bringing clean water to the world's most disadvantaged communities through the installation of community-based water filtration systems and the deployment of hygiene education programs. Planet Water projects are focused … Learn More

Wastewater treatment and reuse is the primary mission of Tankerwala. Apart from in-site recycling, transporting the treated water from water reclamation plants to construction sites and parks for irrigation on water trucks is the moat of the company. Learn More

The Toilet Board Coalition (TBC) is a business platform enabling private sector engagement; connecting large and small companies; and ensuring close collaboration between private, public and non-profit sectors with the common goal to accelerate the business of sanitation for all. … Learn More

Veragon Technologies provide sustainable, clean, pure drinking water where it’s needed most, when it’s needed most, in the most extreme conditions. The atmospheric water generators take the water vapour from the air around us, filter it, condense it and turn … Learn More

The Water Resilience Coalition, founded in 2020, is an industry-driven, CEO-led coalition of the UN Global Compact's CEO Water Mandate that aims to elevate global water stress to the top of the corporate agenda and preserve the world's freshwater resources … Learn More

WaterStep responds to critical needs for safe water by evaluating and implementing solutions and teaching people to use those tools. WaterStep saves lives with safe water by empowering communities to take care of their own long-term water needs. We believe … Learn More

People With Purpose Our world is constantly changing. So it's reassuring to know that there are some things we can always trust to help us take the best possible care of ourselves and the ones we love. This trust inspires … Learn More

Projects in Philippines

Since 2016 the Toilet Board Coalition’s accelerator program has been supporting entrepreneurs with bespoke mentorship, partnership and the visibility to scale their sanitation economy businesses. More than toilets alone, we look for commercially viable businesses across the sanitation economies – … Learn More

Created in 2013, this project aims at the following objectives: Improve cultivation conditions, in particular water management, for the production of sugarcane, which is very water-consuming. Provide shade and wind protection to banana plantations. Strengthen local nutrition systems, and diversify … Learn More

Cemex has partnered with governments in Spain, Mexico, Egypt, and others to deliver soap and water and sanitize markets, university campuses, hospital entrances, and other public areas. Cemex has also set up sanitation tents in the Philippines and distributed hundreds … Learn More

Stopping plastic waste from entering the oceansOver 8 million tons of plastic waste end up in the sea every year. Especially developing countries often lack infrastructure for proper waste disposal.Stopping ocean plastic while improving the lives of those who are … Learn More

Summary of action Rapid urbanization in the Philippines has given rise to many challenges, including increased energy consumption. To address this issue, LafargeHolcim supported the government’s mission to protect the Laguna Lake area and act as an environmental steward by … Learn More

The Negros Island Solar Power Project involves the installation of 32MW La Carlota Solar Power PV Plant and 48MW Manapla Solar Power Plant. The purpose of the project activity is to generate power using renewable solar energy and intended to … Learn More

Project WET is currently active in more than 75 countries around the world through a network of partner organizations that range from small NGOs to major international corporations and organizations. We only go where we’re invited! We work with our … Learn More

Water scarcity is an increasing phenomenon that already affects 4 billion people today. Water resources are becoming scarcer due to population growth, an increased water footprint and climate change. The key objective of this project is to get sustainable access … Learn More

The Recovery Program of the Philippine Red Cross (PRC) supported by the Netherlands Red Cross (NLRC) aims to provide assistance to families in Leyte in rebuilding their lives after destruction brought by Typhoon Haiyan, in an integrated approach. As such, … Learn More

The toilet Water Oresol aims to “Contribute to public health resiliency by assisting the urban poor, children in particular, to maintain their health and improve their access to safe water and basic sanitation”. The project is implemented by the Philippine … Learn More

Water.org’s primary solution is WaterCredit – small, affordable loans accessed by people at the base of the economic pyramid to install locally appropriate household water and sanitation solutions. Water.org partners with local financial institutions to implement water and sanitation lending … Learn More

Negros Island, Calabarzon, Western Visayas, Central Luzon, Central Visayas, Eastern Visayas, Ilocos, Mimaropa, Bicol, Northern Mindanao, Cagayan Valley, Davao, Caraga, National Capital, Zamboanga Peninsula, Muslim Mindanao Reach up to 1 million people per year with lasting access to safe water … Learn More

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