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Taiwan, Province of China

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Taiwan, Province of China

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Area: 5888268 km2
Brazil; Peru; Suriname; France; Colombia; Guyana; Bolivia; Venezuela; Ecuador
Santa Cruz; Manaus; La Paz
HydroBasin Level:
Baseline Water Stress:
Water Quality Stress:
Sanitation Access Stress:
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City & Country

Quick Info

2.77 out of 5
WWF Country Risk Score
84 out of 248 Countries
WWF Country Rank
Total Organizations: 4
Total Projects: 4
Priority SDGs: Increase Access to Water, Sanitation, Hygiene (SDG 6.1 & 6.2)
Water Quality (SDG 6.3)
Water Use Efficiency (SDG 6.4)
Integrated Water Resource Management (SDG 6.5)
Protect and Restore Ecosystems (SDG 6.6)
Stakeholder Participation (SDG 6.b)
Water-Related Disaster Management (SDG 11.5)
Sustainable Production (SDG 12.4)
Climate Resilience and Adaptation (SDG 13.1)
Priority Regions: --
Priority Industries: Food, beverage & agriculture
Power generation
Organization Types:
Coalition / Consortium
NGO / Civil Society
Profile Completion: 64%

Water-Related Challenge Costs

Total annual estimated cost to address all water-related challenges: $0.00

Share of total annual estimated cost to address each individual challenge (2015 $USD):

  • Access to Drinking Water: $0.00
  • Access to Sanitation: $0.00
  • Industrial Pollution: $0.00
  • Agricultural Pollution: $0.00
  • Water Scarcity: $0.00
  • Water Management: $0.00

For more about this data, see information on WRI’s Achieving Abundance dataset here.

Water Challenges

As reported by organizations on the Hub.

No challenges found.

Country Overview

1.1.1.WATER RESOURCES The main characteristics of Taiwan’s rivers are as follows: •21 major rivers, 29 secondary rivers and 79 minor rivers; •Relatively small drainage area, only nine rivers exceed 100km2; •Relatively short length, only six rivers exceed 100km; •Relatively steep slope, upstream reaches exceed l/100, downstream reaches I/200-l/500, only five rivers have slope milder than l/1000; •Poor watershed geological conditions; most watersheds are sandstone and shale and easy-tocollapse. Sediment concentrations are huge. There are also special geological structures such as mudstone and conglomerate which can easily become mudflow; •Concentrated rainfall, rapid flows, poor flow conditions, uneven time distribution of flows and rapid rise of flow peak.

1.1.2.WATER USE Agriculture is the major water user in Taiwan, accounting for 78 per cent of all use. The construction of a major canal from south to north is envisaged to alleviate water scarcity in the north. Seasonal variations of water availability, causing floods and droughts, are a major problem. Industrial pollution affects many rivers. Natural contamination of groundwater with arsenic and fluoride affects the drinking water supply of about 4 per cent of the population. Water resources management is fragmented among various agencies and levels of government.

1.2.WATER QUALITY, ECOSYSTEMS AND HUMAN HEALTH The following factors influence water quality in the country: •The population density of Taiwan is the second highest in the world. Domestic sewage is the major source of water pollution for many Taiwanese urban rivers. •Wastewater from the swine industry used to be a major water pollution source. Domestic pig farms are gradually becoming smaller after joining the World Trade Organization, but there are still about 7 million pigs being raised in Taiwan. •Over the last three decades Taiwan has begun to develop itself into a big international trading economy. There are nearly 11,000 factories in the country, whose manufacturing processes usually produce wastewater containing various contaminants.

2. GOVERNANCE ASPECTS 2.1.WATER INSTITUTIONS On 16 December 1972, President Chiang Ching-kuo, making an important urban development policy statement, gave the following instructions: “In order develop a public water supply system island-wide, a water corporation must be established immediately at the provincial level. At the same time, we must speed up the implementation of long-term plans for the development of water supply in order to concentrate human and financial resources, increase investment benefits and reduce operational cost.” In accordance with these instructions, on 1 April 1973, the Taiwan provincial government set up a preparatory office for the Taiwan Water Corporation, which now draws up plans for unified management and long-term development.

Country Water Profile

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Organizations in Taiwan, Province of China

CLEAN International mobilizes and evaluates innovative, environmentally sustainable solutions for clean water and sanitation through ongoing education, partnerships, and evaluation in order to save and improve lives. CLEAN International specializes in customizing projects to meet climate and water goals worldwide. … Learn More

For as long as nearly 70 years since its founding in 1949, Kurita Water Industries has been consistently operating in two areas of "water and the environment." To cater to diverse customer needs, the Kurita Group provides comprehensive solutions by … Learn More

Higher Education Learn More

The Water Resilience Coalition, founded in 2020, is an industry-driven, CEO-led coalition of the UN Global Compact's CEO Water Mandate that aims to elevate global water stress to the top of the corporate agenda and preserve the world's freshwater resources … Learn More

Projects in Taiwan, Province of China

To date, we have worked with water experts to establish the required processes and protocols, and have developed individual roadmaps in specific locations. In collaboration with the World Resources Institute, we undertook a study to evaluate our high-water risk crops, … Learn More

Project WET is currently active in more than 75 countries around the world through a network of partner organizations that range from small NGOs to major international corporations and organizations. We only go where we’re invited! We work with our … Learn More

BLH Aqua Technology is a Korea-based water efficiency enhancement company with the main focus on agriculture. We have developed a water treatment product - Aqutonix - which we manufacture in-house and deploy on all types of farms worldwide. Aqutonix uses … Learn More

We have been developing many kinds of elemental technologies such as water rinsing efficiency , reduction of intake air amount and optimization of temperature controlling energy sequence and integrating them for minimizing total water and energy consumption. Learn More

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