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Area: 5888268 km2
Brazil; Peru; Suriname; France; Colombia; Guyana; Bolivia; Venezuela; Ecuador
Santa Cruz; Manaus; La Paz
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Baseline Water Stress:
Water Quality Stress:
Sanitation Access Stress:
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City & Country

Water-Related Challenge Costs

Total annual estimated cost to address all water-related challenges: $1,799,138,212.00

Share of total annual estimated cost to address each individual challenge (2015 $USD):

  • Access to Drinking Water: $615,863,139.00 - [34%]
  • Access to Sanitation: $718,737,518.00 - [40%]
  • Industrial Pollution: $49,765,542.00 - [3%]
  • Agricultural Pollution: $87,805,145.00 - [5%]
  • Water Scarcity: $27,110,499.00 - [2%]
  • Water Management: $299,856,369.00 - [17%]

For more about this data, see information on WRI’s Achieving Abundance dataset here.

Water Challenges

As reported by organizations on the Hub.

Access to Water Supply and Water Services
Local Water Resource Governance
Physical water supply

Country Overview

1.1.1.WATER RESOURCES The drainage basins of Cameroon are: •the Logone and its tributaries, which drain the extreme north to Lake Chad, covering 11 per cent of the country; •the Benue and its tributaries (the Faro, the Mandara, the Alantika Kebi and the Mayo), which drain the north to the Niger river and occupy 19 per cent of the country; •the Ngoko and Kadei rivers, which drain south-east towards the Sangha, a tributary of the Congo, which cover 20 per cent of the country; •the main rivers of the centre and west, which flow into the Atlantic: the Sanaga, the longest river in the country (920km) whose basin covers 140,000km2 (30 per cent of the national territory), and the Nyong, Ntem, Mungo and Wouri, which cover 20 per cent. Cameroon has significant groundwater resources, which are divided between the major aquifers and include: •the base area of 430,000km2 (90 per cent of the country), which contains about 79km3; •the coastal basin of 7,500km2, which contains a volume of recoverable reserves of over 21km3; •the basin of the Benue, which covers some 7,800km2 and has 15km3 of mineable reserves; •the Chad basin, which covers 19,800km2; •some small sub-basins, which cover a total of 9,900km2. The internal renewable surface water resources are estimated at 268km3, and the internal renewable groundwater resources at 100km3. Taking into account a common part between surface water and groundwater of about 95km3, the internal renewable water resources total 273km3. Considering the rivers entering the country (such as the Benue, coming from Chad, with 4km3) or forming the border (such the Logone, between Cameroon and Chad), the total renewable water resources are estimated at 285.5km3/year. Wetlands are represented by Yaérés (floodplains formed from river runoff or overflow) in the extreme north and northeast and the mangrove area of the coast between the estuary and the Wouri border with Nigeria. The Yaérés of the Waza-Logone region in the extreme north have been the subject of a development project funded by the European Union and implemented by the World Conservation Union (IUCN). The Cameroon contains a large number of lakes. The most important are: •Lake Chad, shared with Nigeria, Niger and Chad; •the volcanic lakes of Nyos (158ha), Barombi Mbo (415ha) and Oka (243ha); •the tectonic lakes of Ossa, Dissoni and Ejagham. The major dams and reservoirs have a total capacity of 15,326km3.

1.1.2.WATER USE The main water uses, in order of importance, are: agriculture (74 per cent), domestic uses (18 per cent) and industry (8 per cent). Total withdrawals in 2000 were 985 million m3.

1.2.WATER QUALITY, ECOSYSTEMS AND HUMAN HEALTH Water-borne diseases are prevalent in Cameroon; other current environmental problems are deforestation, overgrazing, desertification, poaching and overfishing. The water used for irrigation in urban areas is heavily polluted. Rural water quality remains good, given the low use of pesticides and fertilizers in agriculture. The risk of pollution from industrial and human groundwater from the Douala region is significant.

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Organizations in Cameroon

To Strengthen the marginalised and needy among the community to come up with sustainable, low cost and gender responsive solutions to their problems Learn More

To create world health, wealth and peace. Our purpose is to host fundraising events and projects that help alleviate distress for victims of trauma, poverty, medical conditions, misfortune or helplessness. To achieve this purpose we aim to promote, fund and … Learn More

Notre organisation à pour domaine d'activités: Eau potable et Assainissement. Par la construction des forages, puits équipé de pompe à motricité humaine, l’aménagement des sources d'eau, la construction des captages des sources d'eau, l'irrigation des champs, l'adduction d'eau avec construction … Learn More

We are a Nonprofit organization based in Cameroon. We work in humanitarian issues to save lives in Cameroon. Our humanitarian action is focused in various field like health, water, hunger, refugees, education etc...we also work to reach the Millennium development … Learn More

The Global Water Partnership (GWP) is a global action network with over 3,000 Partner organisations in 179 countries. The network has 68 accredited Country Water Partnerships and 13 Regional Water Partnerships. The network is open to all organisations involved in … Learn More

Hope for a Better Future (H4BF) is a non-profit development organization that drives innovation from the ground up to enhance health, end hunger, overcome hardship and advance women &amp; girls—resulting in meaningful and measurable change in people’s lives. Guided by … Learn More

We make it easy for underserved communities to access natural resources essential to life. We do this by providing access to clean water, sanitation, and hygiene in underserved and impoverished communities to reduce poverty and promote gender equity. Learn More

According to the U.N. FAO, 42.1% ha of Cameroon is forested. Of these forest cover, approximately 1% is lost annually. The main cause of the lost is population increase and over dependency on natural resources for survival. There has been … Learn More

Increasing access to safe water and sanitation by connecting and mobilizing volunteer plumbers and plumbing industry leaders and resources to projects and organizations dedicated to safe water and sanitation. Learn More

Mission To promote Water, Sanitation, Hygiene, Health and Safety in Cameroon and beyond Vision Strong, Healthy and productive communities. Our Core Transparency, Accountability, Integrity and Honesty. Learn More

Projects in Cameroon

An initiative aimed at increasing access to clean water across different communities. This project is representative of 4 different initiatives. The link above is to the donation website. Clean water for a family Your donation will ensure 2 families of … Learn More

The Veolia Foundation is installing standpipes and hand-washing facilities in the Bangangté municipality of Cameroon to increase water access and offering employment in soap-manufacturing to young people who have lost income due to the pandemic. Learn More

Ndzenkov quaterthat, a quater in Kumbo, in the North West Region of Cameroon is host to about 2000 people has been suferring from water crisis since the Kumbo Water Scheme was damaged in September 2018 die to the ongoing crisis. … Learn More

Project WET is currently active in more than 75 countries around the world through a network of partner organizations that range from small NGOs to major international corporations and organizations. We only go where we’re invited! We work with our … Learn More

Objectifs global de notre projet d'eau potable "SAUVONS LA VIE" est l'amélioration des conditions de vie des populations pauvres et accroitre le bien etre humain (Article 04 de notre statut) notamment l'amélioration de l'accessibilité physique des populations à une eau … Learn More

Our motivations are the preservation of student's health and to eliminate insanitation around their environnement. The lack of drinking water and toilets in the schools causes frequent diseases such as diarrhea, cholera and typhoide among the learners provoking additional expenses … Learn More

Bangladesh is experiencing one of the worst humanitarian crises in history. Since August 2017, Bangladesh has seen an unprecedented influx of Rohingya refugees fleeing violence in MyanmarÕs Rakhine State. Among the nearly 1 million Rohingya refugees now residing in the … Learn More

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