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Area: 5888268 km2
Brazil; Peru; Suriname; France; Colombia; Guyana; Bolivia; Venezuela; Ecuador
Santa Cruz; Manaus; La Paz
HydroBasin Level:
Baseline Water Stress:
Water Quality Stress:
Sanitation Access Stress:
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City & Country

Water-Related Challenge Costs

Total annual estimated cost to address all water-related challenges: $871,098,273.00

Share of total annual estimated cost to address each individual challenge (2015 $USD):

  • Access to Drinking Water: $186,711,302.00 - [21%]
  • Access to Sanitation: $199,952,767.00 - [23%]
  • Industrial Pollution: $58,771,684.00 - [7%]
  • Agricultural Pollution: $26,775,262.00 - [3%]
  • Water Scarcity: $253,704,213.00 - [29%]
  • Water Management: $145,183,046.00 - [17%]

For more about this data, see information on WRI’s Achieving Abundance dataset here.

Water Challenges

As reported by organizations on the Hub.

No challenges found.

Country Overview

1.1.2.WATER USE It is difficult to determine the exact figure for water withdrawal and to make a realistic breakdown between the different sectors. Most private wells are unlicensed and therefore not monitored. In addition, a large share of water in public distribution systems is lost through system leakages. There is 35–50 per cent seepage from the water supply networks, which is almost all infiltrated to the aquifers and extracted again via tube wells, especially in the Greater Beirut metropolitan area. In 2005, water withdrawal was estimated at 1,310 million m3, of which almost 60 per cent was for agricultural purposes, 29 per cent for municipal use, and 11 per cent for industry. Primary groundwater and primary surface water account for 53.4 per cent and 30.2 per cent respectively of total water withdrawal. Recycled irrigation drainage accounts for 12.6 per cent, desalinated water for 3.6 per cent and reused treated wastewater for 0.2 per cent. The share of water withdrawal for agriculture is likely to decrease over the coming years as more water will have to be diverted for municipal and industrial purposes. It is estimated that 700 million m3 per year is used for hydropower, with direct restitution to the natural river course. Domestic water use is estimated on the basis of 220-250 litres per person per day during the dry period and 200 litres per person per day during the wet period. Few data are available on the current or expected water needs of the industrial sector. It is estimated that between 60 and 70 per cent of water used by industry comes from groundwater and the remainder is drawn from surface water resources. Groundwater abstraction is secured by means of wells, which tap the major aquifers. Around 1,000 wells are scattered in the area of Beirut, with depths varying between 50 and 300m and an average individual discharge of 35l/s. Over-pumping from wells in the Beirut area explains salt water intrusion.

(Water Risk Filter) 

Country Water Profile

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Organizations in Lebanon

The World Economic Forum The World Economic Forum is the International Organization for Public-Private Cooperation. The Forum engages the foremost political, business, cultural and other leaders of society to shape global, regional and industry agendas. It was established in 1971 … Learn More

Projects in Lebanon

In Lebanon, after the explosion that devastated Beirut on August 4, 2020, the Foundation�s Veoliaforce experts took emergency action on August 11. An assessment and technical diagnostics were carried out alongside the Beirut Water Authority and with the support of … Learn More

Background Traditional salt pans and small salt pans are in continuous decline from the 50s of the twentieth century. As reported in many works, in the Mediterranean basin and the Black Sea region there are more than 170 saltworks (of … Learn More

Project WET is currently active in more than 75 countries around the world through a network of partner organizations that range from small NGOs to major international corporations and organizations. We only go where we’re invited! We work with our … Learn More

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